Federal Legislative Procedures
109. Legislative powers of Federal Parliament: The legislative powers of the
Federal Parliament shall be as enumerated in the lists of Schedule-5, Schedule-
7 and Schedule-9.
110. Procedures for introduction of Bills: (1) A Bill may, subject to this
Constitution, be introduced in any House of the Federal Parliament.
Provided that a Money Bill shall be introduced only in the House of
(2) A Money Bill and a Bill concerning a security body including the
Nepal Army, Nepal Police and Armed Police Force, Nepal shall be introduced
only as a Government Bill.
(3) “Money Bill” means a Bill concerning any or all of the following
(a) the imposition, collection, abolition, remission, alteration
or regulation of taxes,
(b) the preservation of the Federal Consolidated Fund or any
other Federal Government Fund, the deposit of moneys
into and the appropriation or the withdrawal of moneys
from such Funds, or the reduction, increment or
cancellation of appropriations or of proposed expenditures
from such Funds,
(c) the regulation of matters relating to the borrowing of
money or the giving of guarantee by the Government of
Nepal, or any matter pertaining to the amendment of the
law with respect to any financial obligations undertaken or
to be undertaken by the Government of Nepal,
(d) the custody and investment of all revenues received by
any Federal Government Fund, moneys acquired through
the repayment of loans, and grant moneys, or accounts or
audits of the accounts of the Government of Nepal, or
(e) Other matters directly related to any of the subjects
specified in clause (a), (b), (c) or (d).
Provided that any Bill shall not be deemed to be a Money Bill by
the reason only that it provides for the levying of any charges and fees
such as license fee, application fee, renewal fee or for the imposition of
fines or penalty of imprisonment.
(4) If any question arises whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not, the
decision of the Speaker thereon shall be final.
111. Procedures for passage of Bills: (1) A Bill passed by one House of the Federal
Parliament shall be transmitted to the other House as soon as possible and such
Bill, if passed by the receiving House, shall be presented to the President for
(2) A Money Bill passed by the House of Representatives shall be
transmitted to the National Assembly. The National Assembly shall, after
deliberations on such Bill, send back the Bill to the House of Representatives
within fifteen days from the date of receipt of the Bill, with suggestions, if any.
(3) The House of Representatives shall, upon deliberations on a Bill
returned with suggestions under clause (2), present the Bill incorporating such
suggestions as it may deem appropriate to the President for assent.
(4) If the National Assembly does not return a Money Bill received
under clause (2) for more than fifteen days, the House of Representatives may
present the Bill to the President for assent.
(5) Any Bill, except for a Money Bill, passed by the House of
Representatives and transmitted to the National Assembly shall be returned
with approval or suggestions within two months from the date of receipt. If the
National Assembly does not return the Bill within that period, the House of
Representatives may, by a resolution passed by a majority of the total number
of its existing members, present the Bill to the President for assent.
(6) If any Bill, other than a Money Bill, passed by one House is
rejected or is passed with amendments by the other House, the Bill shall be
returned to the House where it originated.
(7) If the House of Representatives, in considering a Bill which has
been rejected or amended by the National Assembly under clause (6), passes it
again as it was or with amendments, by a majority of the total number of its
existing members, the Bill shall be presented to the President for assent.
(8) If a Bill which has been returned with amendments by the House
of Representatives to the National Assembly under clause (6) is also again
passed, with such amendments, by a majority of the number of existing
members of the National Assembly, the Bill shall be presented to the President
(9) The following Bills shall be referred to a joint sitting of the both
Houses, and if the joint sitting passes the Bill as it was or with amendments,
the House in which the Bill originated shall present it to the President for
(a) Bills which, though passed by the National Assembly,
have been rejected by the House of Representatives, or
(b) Bills which have been returned to the National Assembly
with amendments by the House of Representatives, but the
National Assembly has not agreed on such amendments.
(10) Even though the session of a House is prorogued while a Bill is
under its consideration, deliberations on the Bill may continue at the
Provided that if the House of Representatives is dissolved or its term
expires when any Bill introduced in the House of Representatives is under its
consideration or when any Bill passed by the House of Representatives is
under consideration in the National Assembly, such Bill shall lapse.
112. Withdrawal of Bills: One who has introduced a Bill may, with the approval of
the House, withdraw the Bill.
113. Assent on Bills: (1) A Bill which is to be submitted to the President for assent
under Article 111 shall be so submitted by the Speaker or the Chairperson of
the House in which the Bill originated after it has been certified by him or her.
Provided that in the case of a Money Bill, the Speaker shall so certify.
(2) A Bill submitted to the President for his or her assent in
accordance with this Article shall be assented to within fifteen days, both
Houses shall be informed thereof as soon as possible.
(3) If the President is of the opinion that any Bill, except a Money
Bill, submitted for assent needs reconsideration, he or she may, within fifty
days from the date of presentation of such Bill, return the Bill with his or her
message to the House in which the Bill originated.
(4) If any Bill is returned with a message by the President, and both
Houses reconsider, passes such Bill as it was or with amendments and submit it
again, the President shall give assent to that Bill within fifteen days of such
(5) A Bill shall become an Act after the President gives assent to it.
114. Provisions relating to Ordinance: (1) If, at any time, except when both Houses
of the Federal Parliament are in session, circumstances exist which render it
necessary to take immediate action, the President may, on recommendation of
the Council of Ministers, promulgate an Ordinance.
(2) An Ordinance promulgated under clause (1) shall have the same
force and effect as an Act.
Provided that every such Ordinance:
(a) shall be tabled at the session of both Houses of the Federal
Parliament held after the promulgation, and if not passed
by both Houses, it shall ipso facto cease to be effective,
(b) may be repealed at any time by the President, and
(c) shall, unless rendered ineffective or repealed under subclause
(a) or (b), ipso facto cease to be effective at the
expiration of sixty days after the day on which a meeting
of both Houses is held.
Explanation: For the purposes of this clause, “day on which a meeting
of both Houses is held” means the day on which a session or meeting of
both Houses of the Federal Parliament commences or is held, and this
term means the later day on which a meeting of the House is held if the
Houses of the Federal Parliament meet on different dates.
Part-9 | Federal legislative procedures- The constitution of Nepal 2072/2015